Salvatore J Turco

Bio / Education: 

B.S. Indiana University (PA)
Ph.D. University of Pittsburgh

Research Description: 

Protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania are responsible for a spectrum of human diseases, termed leishmaniasis. Depending on the species involved, leishmaniasis appears clinically in three forms: cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral, the last being fatal if untreated. The parasites have a remarkable capacity to avoid destruction in the hostile environments encountered in their life cycle, alternating between intracellular macrophage parasitism and extracellular life in the gut of the sand fly vector. As in other microbial pathogens, the development of genetic tools for the study of these parasites promises to help unravel the molecular details of how these microorganisms persevere under such harsh circumstances. Advances in functional genetic analysis provide a new avenue for identifying genes implicated in the parasite’s infectious cycle, such as those necessary for the synthesis and expression of the key surface virulence factor, lipophosphoglycan (LPG). LPG has been implicated in binding and release of the parasite in the midgut of the sand fly, resistance to complement, binding and uptake by macrophages, modulating macrophage signal transduction, resistance to oxidative attack, and, ultimately, allowing the parasite to establish successful infections.

The overall objective of our research is to elucidate the genetic and biochemical details of the biosynthesis of the Leishmania lipophosphoglycan and related glycoconjugates, primarily through the exploitation of LPG-defective mutants using forward/reverse genetic protocols. This work is collaborative effort with Dr. Stephen Beverley (Washington Univ. Sch. Med). The functions of the proteins encoded by LPG genes recovered by genomic and bioinformatic approaches is a primary focus of our laboratory. These functions and eventual characterization of the encoded proteins will be determined through the development and use of in vitro enzymatic assays. From our studies, we hope to contribute to the understanding of the role glycoconjugates play in the pathogenesis of leishmaniasis and to provide a biochemical rationale for the design of chemotherapeutic regimens that exploit complex carbohydrate differences between those of the mammalian host and of the parasite.

PubMed Publications: 

  • Assis, R.R.;Ibraim, I.C.;Noronha, F.S.;Turco, S.J.;Soares, R.P. "Glycoinositolphospholipids from Leishmania braziliensis and L. infantum: modulation of innate immune system and variations in carbohydrate structure." PLoS neglected tropical diseases 6, 2 (2014): e1543. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Soares, R.P.;Margonari, C.;Secundino, N.C.;Macêdo, M.E.;Costa, S.M.;Rangel, E.F.;Pimenta, P.F.;Turco, S.J. "Differential midgut attachment of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in the sand flies Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) whitmani and Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) intermedia." Journal of biomedicine & biotechnology 2010, (2014): 439174. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J.;Sacks, D.L. "Control of Leishmania-sand fly interactions by polymorphisms in lipophosphoglycan structure." Methods in enzymology 363, (2014): 377-81. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Ibraim, I.C.;Assis, R.R.;Pessoa, N.L.;Campos, M.A.;Melo, M.N.;Turco, S.J.;Soares, R.P. "Two biochemically distinct lipophosphoglycans from Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania infantum trigger different innate immune responses in murine macrophages." Parasites & vectors 6, (2013): 54. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Assis, R.R.;Ibraim, I.C.;Nogueira, P.M.;Soares, R.P.;Turco, S.J. "Glycoconjugates in New World species of Leishmania: polymorphisms in lipophosphoglycan and glycoinositolphospholipids and interaction with hosts." Biochimica et biophysica acta 1820, 9 (2012): 1354-65. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Vinet, A.F.;Jananji, S.;Turco, S.J.;Fukuda, M.;Descoteaux, A. "Exclusion of synaptotagmin V at the phagocytic cup by Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan results in decreased promastigote internalization." Microbiology (Reading, England) 157, Pt 9 (2011): 2619-28. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Coelho-Finamore, J.M.;Freitas, V.C.;Assis, R.R.;Melo, M.N.;Novozhilova, N.;Secundino, N.F.;Pimenta, P.F.;Turco, S.J.;Soares, R.P. "Leishmania infantum: Lipophosphoglycan intraspecific variation and interaction with vertebrate and invertebrate hosts." International journal for parasitology 41, 3-4 (2011): 333-42. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Dobson, D.E.;Kamhawi, S.;Lawyer, P.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M.;Sacks, D.L. "Leishmania major survival in selective Phlebotomus papatasi sand fly vector requires a specific SCG-encoded lipophosphoglycan galactosylation pattern." PLoS pathogens 6, 11 (2010): e1001185. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Lye, L.F.;Owens, K.;Shi, H.;Murta, S.M.;Vieira, A.C.;Turco, S.J.;Tschudi, C.;Ullu, E.;Beverley, S.M. "Retention and loss of RNA interference pathways in trypanosomatid protozoans." PLoS pathogens 6, 10 (2010): e1001161. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Secundino, N.;Kimblin, N.;Peters, N.C.;Lawyer, P.;Capul, A.A.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J.;Sacks, D. "Proteophosphoglycan confers resistance of Leishmania major to midgut digestive enzymes induced by blood feeding in vector sand flies." Cellular microbiology 12, 7 (2010): 906-18. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Vinet, A.F.;Fukuda, M.;Turco, S.J.;Descoteaux, A. "The Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan excludes the vesicular proton-ATPase from phagosomes by impairing the recruitment of synaptotagmin V." PLoS pathogens 5, 10 (2009): e1000628. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Gaur, U.;Showalter, M.;Hickerson, S.;Dalvi, R.;Turco, S.J.;Wilson, M.E.;Beverley, S.M. "Leishmania donovani lacking the Golgi GDP-Man transporter LPG2 exhibit attenuated virulence in mammalian hosts." Experimental parasitology 122, 3 (2009): 182-91. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Capul, A.A.;Hickerson, S.;Barron, T.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Comparisons of mutants lacking the Golgi UDP-galactose or GDP-mannose transporters establish that phosphoglycans are important for promastigote but not amastigote virulence in Leishmania major." Infection and immunity 75, 9 (2007): 4629-37. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Capul, A.A.;Barron, T.;Dobson, D.E.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Two functionally divergent UDP-Gal nucleotide sugar transporters participate in phosphoglycan synthesis in Leishmania major." The Journal of biological chemistry 282, 19 (2007): 14006-17. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Kavoosi, G.;Ardestani, S.K.;Kariminia, A.;Abolhassani, M.;Turco, S.J. "Leishmania major: Reactive oxygen species and interferon gamma induction by soluble lipophosphoglycan of stationary phase promastigotes." Experimental parasitology 114, 4 (2006): 323-8. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Dobson, D.E.;Scholtes, L.D.;Myler, P.J.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Genomic organization and expression of the expanded SCG/L/R gene family of Leishmania major: internal clusters and telomeric localization of SCGs mediating species-specific LPG modifications." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 146, 2 (2006): 231-41. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Barron, T.L.;Turco, S.J. "Quantitation of Leishmania lipophosphoglycan repeat units by capillary electrophoresis." Biochimica et biophysica acta 1760, 4 (2006): 710-4. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Goswami, M.;Dobson, D.E.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Demonstration by heterologous expression that the Leishmania SCA1 gene encodes an arabinopyranosyltransferase." Glycobiology 16, 3 (2006): 230-6. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Dermine, J.F.;Goyette, G.;Houde, M.;Turco, S.J.;Desjardins, M. "Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan disrupts phagosome microdomains in J774 macrophages." Cellular microbiology 7, 9 (2005): 1263-70. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Soares, R.P.;Cardoso, T.L.;Barron, T.;Araújo, M.S.;Pimenta, P.F.;Turco, S.J. "Leishmania braziliensis: a novel mechanism in the lipophosphoglycan regulation during metacyclogenesis." International journal for parasitology 35, 3 (2005): 245-53. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Segawa, H.;Soares, R.P.;Kawakita, M.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Reconstitution of GDP-mannose transport activity with purified Leishmania LPG2 protein in liposomes." The Journal of biological chemistry 280, 3 (2005): 2028-35. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Kamhawi, S.;Ramalho-Ortigao, M.;Pham, V.M.;Kumar, S.;Lawyer, P.G.;Turco, S.J.;Barillas-Mury, C.;Sacks, D.L.;Valenzuela, J.G. "A role for insect galectins in parasite survival." Cell 119, 3 (2004): 329-41. [PubMed Link] |
  • Amprey, J.L.;Im, J.S.;Turco, S.J.;Murray, H.W.;Illarionov, P.A.;Besra, G.S.;Porcelli, S.A.;Späth, G.F. "A subset of liver NK T cells is activated during Leishmania donovani infection by CD1d-bound lipophosphoglycan." The Journal of experimental medicine 200, 7 (2004): 895-904. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Späth, G.F.;Lye, L.F.;Segawa, H.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Identification of a compensatory mutant (lpg2-REV) of Leishmania major able to survive as amastigotes within macrophages without LPG2-dependent glycoconjugates and its significance to virulence and immunization strategies." Infection and immunity 72, 6 (2004): 3622-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Zhang, K.;Barron, T.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "The LPG1 gene family of Leishmania major." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 136, 1 (2004): 11-23. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tonui, W.K.;Ngumbi, P.M.;Mpoke, S.S.;Orago, A.S.;Mbati, P.A.;Turco, S.J.;Mkoji, G.M. "Leishmania major-Phlebotomus duboscqi interactions: inhibition of anti-LPG antibodies and characterisation of two proteins with shared epitopes." East African medical journal 81, 2 (2004): 97-103. [PubMed Link] |
  • Colmenares, M.;Corbí, A.L.;Turco, S.J.;Rivas, L. "The dendritic cell receptor DC-SIGN discriminates among species and life cycle forms of Leishmania." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 172, 2 (2004): 1186-90. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tonui, W.K.;Mpoke, S.S.;Orago, A.S.;Turco, S.J.;Mbati, P.A.;Mkoji, G.M. "Leishmania donovani-derived lipophosphoglycan plus BCG induces a Th1 type immune response but does not protect Syrian golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) and BALB/c mice against Leishmania donovani." The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research 70, 4 (2003): 255-63. [PubMed Link] |
  • Goyard, S.;Segawa, H.;Gordon, J.;Showalter, M.;Duncan, R.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "An in vitro system for developmental and genetic studies of Leishmania donovani phosphoglycans." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 130, 1 (2003): 31-42. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Soares, R.P.;Turco, S.J. "Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae): a review." Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 75, 3 (2003): 301-30. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Späth, G.F.;Lye, L.F.;Segawa, H.;Sacks, D.L.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Persistence without pathology in phosphoglycan-deficient Leishmania major." Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, 5637 (2003): 1241-3. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Zufferey, R.;Allen, S.;Barron, T.;Sullivan, D.R.;Denny, P.W.;Almeida, I.C.;Smith, D.F.;Turco, S.J.;Ferguson, M.A.;Beverley, S.M. "Ether phospholipids and glycosylinositolphospholipids are not required for amastigote virulence or for inhibition of macrophage activation by Leishmania major." The Journal of biological chemistry 278, 45 (2003): 44708-18. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Späth, G.F.;Garraway, L.A.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "The role(s) of lipophosphoglycan (LPG) in the establishment of Leishmania major infections in mammalian hosts." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100, 16 (2003): 9536-41. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Lüders, F.;Segawa, H.;Stein, D.;Selva, E.M.;Perrimon, N.;Turco, S.J.;Häcker, U. "Slalom encodes an adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulfate transporter essential for development in Drosophila." The EMBO journal 22, 14 (2003): 3635-44. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Dobson, D.E.;Mengeling, B.J.;Cilmi, S.;Hickerson, S.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Identification of genes encoding arabinosyltransferases (SCA) mediating developmental modifications of lipophosphoglycan required for sand fly transmission of leishmania major." The Journal of biological chemistry 278, 31 (2003): 28840-8. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Pedersen, L.L.;Turco, S.J. "Galactofuranose metabolism: a potential target for antimicrobial chemotherapy." Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS 60, 2 (2003): 259-66. [PubMed Link] |
  • Dobson, D.E.;Scholtes, L.D.;Valdez, K.E.;Sullivan, D.R.;Mengeling, B.J.;Cilmi, S.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Functional identification of galactosyltransferases (SCGs) required for species-specific modifications of the lipophosphoglycan adhesin controlling Leishmania major-sand fly interactions." The Journal of biological chemistry 278, 18 (2003): 15523-31. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Descoteaux, A.;Avila, H.A.;Zhang, K.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Leishmania LPG3 encodes a GRP94 homolog required for phosphoglycan synthesis implicated in parasite virulence but not viability." The EMBO journal 21, 17 (2002): 4458-69. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Descoteaux, A.;Turco, S.J. "Functional aspects of the Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan during macrophage infection." Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur 4, 9 (2002): 975-81. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Soares, R.P.;Macedo, M.E.;Ropert, C.;Gontijo, N.F.;Almeida, I.C.;Gazzinelli, R.T.;Pimenta, P.F.;Turco, S.J. "Leishmania chagasi: lipophosphoglycan characterization and binding to the midgut of the sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 121, 2 (2002): 213-24. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tonui, W.K.;Mbati, P.A.;Anjili, C.O.;Orago, A.S.;Turco, S.J.;Githure, J.I.;Koech, D.K. "Transmission blocking vaccine studies in leishmaniasis: II. Effect of immunisation using Leishmania major derived 63 kilodalton glycoprotein, lipophosphoglycan and whole parasite antigens on the course of L. major infection in BALB/c mice." East African medical journal 78, 2 (2001): 90-2. [PubMed Link] |
  • Tonui, W.K.;Mbati, P.A.;Anjili, C.O.;Orago, A.S.;Turco, S.J.;Githure, J.I.;Koech, D.K. "Transmission blocking vaccine studies in leishmaniasis: I. Lipophosphoglycan is a promising transmission blocking vaccine molecule against cutaneous leishmaniasis." East African medical journal 78, 2 (2001): 84-9. [PubMed Link] |
  • Selva, E.M.;Hong, K.;Baeg, G.H.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J.;Perrimon, N.;Häcker, U. "Dual role of the fringe connection gene in both heparan sulphate and fringe-dependent signalling events." Nature cell biology 3, 9 (2001): 809-15. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Guha-Niyogi, A.;Sullivan, D.R.;Turco, S.J. "Glycoconjugate structures of parasitic protozoa." Glycobiology 11, 4 (2001): 45R-59R. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J.;Späth, G.F.;Beverley, S.M. "Is lipophosphoglycan a virulence factor? A surprising diversity between Leishmania species." Trends in parasitology 17, 5 (2001): 223-6. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Cunningham, M.L.;Titus, R.G.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Regulation of differentiation to the infective stage of the protozoan parasite Leishmania major by tetrahydrobiopterin." Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, 5515 (2001): 285-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Späth, G.F.;Epstein, L.;Leader, B.;Singer, S.M.;Avila, H.A.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Lipophosphoglycan is a virulence factor distinct from related glycoconjugates in the protozoan parasite Leishmania major." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97, 16 (2000): 9258-63. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Hong, K.;Ma, D.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "The Leishmania GDP-mannose transporter is an autonomous, multi-specific, hexameric complex of LPG2 subunits." Biochemistry 39, 8 (2000): 2013-22. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Sacks, D.L.;Modi, G.;Rowton, E.;Späth, G.;Epstein, L.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "The role of phosphoglycans in Leishmania-sand fly interactions." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97, 1 (2000): 406-11. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Mahoney, A.B.;Turco, S.J. "Characterization of the glucosyltransferases that assemble the side chains of the Indian Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan." Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 372, 2 (1999): 367-74. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "Adversarial relationship between the leishmania lipophosphoglycan and protein kinase C of host macrophages." Parasite immunology 21, 12 (1999): 597-600. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Descoteaux, A.;Turco, S.J. "Glycoconjugates in Leishmania infectivity." Biochimica et biophysica acta 1455, 2-3 (1999): 341-52. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Wren, K.R.;Wren, T.L.;Monti, E.J.;Turco SJ, J. "Employee and independent contractor relationships." CRNA : the clinical forum for nurse anesthetists 10, 2 (1999): 59-64. [PubMed Link] |
  • Mahoney, A.B.;Sacks, D.L.;Saraiva, E.;Modi, G.;Turco, S.J. "Intra-species and stage-specific polymorphisms in lipophosphoglycan structure control Leishmania donovani-sand fly interactions." Biochemistry 38, 31 (1999): 9813-23. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Razinkov, V.;Martin, I.;Turco, S.J.;Cohen, F.S.;Ruysschaert, J.M.;Epand, R.M. "Relationship of membrane sidedness to the effects of the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani on the fusion of influenza virus." European journal of biochemistry / FEBS 262, 3 (1999): 890-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "Removal of pyrogens by filtration?" American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists 56, 5 (1999): 477. [PubMed Link] |
  • Mengeling, B.J.;Turco, S.J. "A high-yield, enzymatic synthesis of GDP-D- 3H arabinose and GDP-L- 3H fucose." Analytical biochemistry 267, 1 (1999): 227-33. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Martin, I.;Turco, S.J.;Epand, R.M.;Ruysschaert, J.M. "Lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani inhibits lipid vesicle fusion induced by the N-terminal extremity of viral fusogenic simian immunodeficiency virus protein." European journal of biochemistry / FEBS 258, 1 (1998): 150-6. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Mengeling, B.J.;Turco, S.J. "Microbial glycoconjugates." Current opinion in structural biology 8, 5 (1998): 572-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Saar, Y.;Ransford, A.;Waldman, E.;Mazareb, S.;Amin-Spector, S.;Plumblee, J.;Turco, S.J.;Zilberstein, D. "Characterization of developmentally-regulated activities in axenic amastigotes of Leishmania donovani." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 95, 1 (1998): 9-20. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Rasmusson, B.J.;Flanagan, T.D.;Turco, S.J.;Epand, R.M.;Petersen, N.O. "Fusion of Sendai virus and individual host cells and inhibition of fusion by lipophosphoglycan measured with image correlation spectroscopy." Biochimica et biophysica acta 1404, 3 (1998): 338-52. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Descoteaux, A.;Mengeling, B.J.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Leishmania donovani has distinct mannosylphosphoryltransferases for the initiation and elongation phases of lipophosphoglycan repeating unit biosynthesis." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 94, 1 (1998): 27-40. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Lipophosphoglycan (LPG) and the identification of virulence genes in the protozoan parasite Leishmania." Trends in microbiology 6, 1 (1998): 35-40. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Lo, S.K.;Bovis, L.;Matura, R.;Zhu, B.;He, S.;Lum, H.;Turco, S.J.;Ho, J.L. "Leishmania lipophosphoglycan reduces monocyte transendothelial migration: modulation of cell adhesion molecules, intercellular junctional proteins, and chemoattractants." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 160, 4 (1998): 1857-65. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Mengeling, B.J.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Designing glycoconjugate biosynthesis for an insidious intent: phosphoglycan assembly in Leishmania parasites." Glycobiology 7, 7 (1997): 873-80. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Mengeling, B.J.;Zilberstein, D.;Turco, S.J. "Biosynthesis of Leishmania lipophosphoglycan: solubilization and partial characterization of the initiating mannosylphosphoryltransferase." Glycobiology 7, 6 (1997): 847-53. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Muskus, C.;Segura, I.;Oddone, R.;Turco, S.J.;Leiby, D.A.;Toro, L.;Robledo, S.;Saravia, N.G. "Carbohydrate and LPG expression in Leishmania viannia subgenus." The Journal of parasitology 83, 4 (1997): 671-8. [PubMed Link] |
  • Ma, D.;Russell, D.G.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Golgi GDP-mannose uptake requires Leishmania LPG2. A member of a eukaryotic family of putative nucleotide-sugar transporters." The Journal of biological chemistry 272, 6 (1997): 3799-805. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Park, S.;Pastuszak, I.;Mengeling, B.J.;Turco, S.J.;Elbein, A.D. "Synthesis and utilization of GDP-D-arabinopyranoside." Analytical biochemistry 244, 2 (1997): 321-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Hatzigeorgiou, D.E.;Geng, J.;Zhu, B.;Zhang, Y.;Liu, K.;Rom, W.N.;Fenton, M.J.;Turco, S.J.;Ho, J.L. "Lipophosphoglycan from Leishmania suppresses agonist-induced interleukin 1 beta gene expression in human monocytes via a unique promoter sequence." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93, 25 (1996): 14708-13. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Ma, D.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Leishmania donovani possess a NADPH-dependent alkylglycerol cleavage enzyme." Biochemical and biophysical research communications 227, 3 (1996): 885-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Giorgione, J.R.;Turco, S.J.;Epand, R.M. "Transbilayer inhibition of protein kinase C by the lipophosphoglycan from Leishmania donovani." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93, 21 (1996): 11634-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Ho, J.L.;Kim, H.K.;Sass, P.M.;He, S.;Geng, J.;Xu, H.;Zhu, B.;Turco, S.J.;Lo, S.K. "Structure-function analysis of Leishmania lipophosphoglycan. Distinct domains that mediate binding and inhibition of endothelial cell function." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 157, 7 (1996): 3013-20. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Butcher, B.A.;Turco, S.J.;Hilty, B.A.;Pimenta, P.F.;Panunzio, M.;Sacks, D.L. "Deficiency in beta1,3-galactosyltransferase of a Leishmania major lipophosphoglycan mutant adversely influences the Leishmania-sand fly interaction." The Journal of biological chemistry 271, 34 (1996): 20573-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Ha, D.S.;Schwarz, J.K.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Use of the green fluorescent protein as a marker in transfected Leishmania." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 77, 1 (1996): 57-64. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Easterbrook, M.D.;Levy, M.H.;Gomez, A.M.;Turco, S.J.;Epand, R.M.;Rosenthal, K.L. "Inhibition of HIV-1-induced syncytia formation and infectivity by lipophosphoglycan from Leishmania." Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association 10, 5 (1995): 496-505. [PubMed Link] |
  • Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J. "Identification of genes mediating lipophosphoglycan biosynthesis by functional complementation of Leishmania donovani mutants." Annals of tropical medicine and parasitology 89 Suppl 1, (1995): 11-17. [PubMed Link] |
  • Bernier, R.;Turco, S.J.;Olivier, M.;Tremblay, M. "Activation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in monocytoid cells by the protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani." Journal of virology 69, 11 (1995): 7282-5. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Descoteaux, A.;Luo, Y.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "A specialized pathway affecting virulence glycoconjugates of Leishmania." Science (New York, N.Y.) 269, 5232 (1995): 1869-72. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Miao, L.;Stafford, A.;Nir, S.;Turco, S.J.;Flanagan, T.D.;Epand, R.M. "Potent inhibition of viral fusion by the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani." Biochemistry 34, 14 (1995): 4676-83. [PubMed Link] |
  • Sacks, D.L.;Pimenta, P.F.;McConville, M.J.;Schneider, P.;Turco, S.J. "Stage-specific binding of Leishmania donovani to the sand fly vector midgut is regulated by conformational changes in the abundant surface lipophosphoglycan." The Journal of experimental medicine 181, 2 (1995): 685-97. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Pimenta, P.F.;Saraiva, E.M.;Rowton, E.;Modi, G.B.;Garraway, L.A.;Beverley, S.M.;Turco, S.J.;Sacks, D.L. "Evidence that the vectorial competence of phlebotomine sand flies for different species of Leishmania is controlled by structural polymorphisms in the surface lipophosphoglycan." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91, 19 (1994): 9155-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Mulye, N.V.;Turco, S.J.;Speaker, T.J. "Stability of ganciclovir sodium in an infusion-pump syringe." American journal of hospital pharmacy 51, 10 (1994): 1348-9. [PubMed Link] |
  • Pedron, T.;Girard, R.;Turco, S.J.;Chaby, R. "Phosphatidylinositol-anchored molecules and inducible lipopolysaccharide binding sites of human and mouse bone marrow cells." The Journal of biological chemistry 269, 4 (1994): 2426-32. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Moore, K.J.;Turco, S.J.;Matlashewski, G. "Leishmania donovani infection enhances macrophage viability in the absence of exogenous growth factor." Journal of leukocyte biology 55, 1 (1994): 91-8. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Sacks, D.L.;Saraiva, E.M.;Rowton, E.;Turco, S.J.;Pimenta, P.F. "The role of the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania in vector competence." Parasitology 108 Suppl, (1994): S55-62. [PubMed Link] |
  • Descoteaux, A.;Turco, S.J. "The lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania and macrophage protein kinase C." Parasitology today (Personal ed.) 9, 12 (1993): 468-71. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Kimsey, P.B.;Theodos, C.M.;Mitchen, T.K.;Turco, S.J.;Titus, R.G. "An avirulent lipophosphoglycan-deficient Leishmania major clone induces CD4+ T cells which protect susceptible BALB/c mice against infection with virulent L. major." Infection and immunity 61, 12 (1993): 5205-13. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Huang, C.;Turco, S.J. "Defective galactofuranose addition in lipophosphoglycan biosynthesis in a mutant of Leishmania donovani." The Journal of biological chemistry 268, 32 (1993): 24060-6. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Shankar, A.;Mitchen, T.K.;Hall, L.R.;Turco, S.J.;Titus, R.G. "Reversion to virulence in Leishmania major correlates with expression of surface lipophosphoglycan." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 61, 2 (1993): 207-16. [PubMed Link] |
  • Ryan, K.A.;Garraway, L.A.;Descoteaux, A.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Isolation of virulence genes directing surface glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol synthesis by functional complementation of Leishmania." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90, 18 (1993): 8609-13. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Descoteaux, A.;Matlashewski, G.;Turco, S.J. "Inhibition of macrophage protein kinase C-mediated protein phosphorylation by Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 149, 9 (1992): 3008-15. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • McConville, M.J.;Turco, S.J.;Ferguson, M.A.;Sacks, D.L. "Developmental modification of lipophosphoglycan during the differentiation of Leishmania major promastigotes to an infectious stage." The EMBO journal 11, 10 (1992): 3593-600. [PubMed Link] |
  • Pimenta, P.F.;Turco, S.J.;McConville, M.J.;Lawyer, P.G.;Perkins, P.V.;Sacks, D.L. "Stage-specific adhesion of Leishmania promastigotes to the sandfly midgut." Science (New York, N.Y.) 256, 5065 (1992): 1812-5. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Carver, M.A.;Turco, S.J. "Biosynthesis of lipophosphoglycan from Leishmania donovani: characterization of mannosylphosphate transfer in vitro." Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 295, 2 (1992): 309-17. [PubMed Link] |
  • Thomas, J.R.;McConville, M.J.;Thomas-Oates, J.E.;Homans, S.W.;Ferguson, M.A.;Gorin, P.A.;Greis, K.D.;Turco, S.J. "Refined structure of the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani." The Journal of biological chemistry 267, 10 (1992): 6829-33. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Greis, K.D.;Turco, S.J.;Thomas, J.R.;McConville, M.J.;Homans, S.W.;Ferguson, M.A. "Purification and characterization of an extracellular phosphoglycan from Leishmania donovani." The Journal of biological chemistry 267, 9 (1992): 5876-81. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Homans, S.W.;Mehlert, A.;Turco, S.J. "Solution structure of the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani." Biochemistry 31, 3 (1992): 654-61. [PubMed Link] |
  • Russo, D.M.;Turco, S.J.;Burns JM, J.;Reed, S.G. "Stimulation of human T lymphocytes by Leishmania lipophosphoglycan-associated proteins." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 148, 1 (1992): 202-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "The lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania." Sub-cellular biochemistry 18, (1992): 73-97. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Descoteaux, A. "The lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania parasites." Annual review of microbiology 46, (1992): 65-94. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Jardim, A.;Tolson, D.L.;Turco, S.J.;Pearson, T.W.;Olafson, R.W. "The Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan T lymphocyte-reactive component is a tightly associated protein complex." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 147, 10 (1991): 3538-44. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Karp, C.L.;Turco, S.J.;Sacks, D.L. "Lipophosphoglycan masks recognition of the Leishmania donovani promastigote surface by human kala-azar serum." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 147, 2 (1991): 680-4. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Carver, M.A.;Turco, S.J. "Cell-free biosynthesis of lipophosphoglycan from Leishmania donovani. Characterization of microsomal galactosyltransferase and mannosyltransferase activities." The Journal of biological chemistry 266, 17 (1991): 10974-81. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Coburn, C.M.;Otteman, K.M.;McNeely, T.;Turco, S.J.;Beverley, S.M. "Stable DNA transfection of a wide range of trypanosomatids." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 46, 1 (1991): 169-79. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Descoteaux, A.;Turco, S.J.;Sacks, D.L.;Matlashewski, G. "Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan selectively inhibits signal transduction in macrophages." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 146, 8 (1991): 2747-53. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J.;Sacks, D.L. "Expression of a stage-specific lipophosphoglycan in Leishmania major amastigotes." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 45, 1 (1991): 91-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Frankenburg, S.;Leibovici, V.;Mansbach, N.;Turco, S.J.;Rosen, G. "Effect of glycolipids of Leishmania parasites on human monocyte activity. Inhibition by lipophosphoglycan." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 145, 12 (1990): 4284-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tolson, D.L.;Turco, S.J.;Pearson, T.W. "Expression of a repeating phosphorylated disaccharide lipophosphoglycan epitope on the surface of macrophages infected with Leishmania donovani." Infection and immunity 58, 11 (1990): 3500-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • McNeely, T.B.;Tolson, D.L.;Pearson, T.W.;Turco, S.J. "Characterization of Leishmania donovani variant clones using anti-lipophosphoglycan monoclonal antibodies." Glycobiology 1, 1 (1990): 63-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • McNeely, T.B.;Turco, S.J. "Requirement of lipophosphoglycan for intracellular survival of Leishmania donovani within human monocytes." Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 144, 7 (1990): 2745-50. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "The leishmanial lipophosphoglycan: a multifunctional molecule." Experimental parasitology 70, 2 (1990): 241-5. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tolson, D.L.;Turco, S.J.;Beecroft, R.P.;Pearson, T.W. "The immunochemical structure and surface arrangement of Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan determined using monoclonal antibodies." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 35, 2 (1989): 109-18. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J.;Orlandi PA, J.;Homans, S.W.;Ferguson, M.A.;Dwek, R.A.;Rademacher, T.W. "Structure of the phosphosaccharide-inositol core of the Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan." The Journal of biological chemistry 264, 12 (1989): 6711-5. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • McNeely, T.B.;Rosen, G.;Londner, M.V.;Turco, S.J. "Inhibitory effects on protein kinase C activity by lipophosphoglycan fragments and glycosylphosphatidylinositol antigens of the protozoan parasite Leishmania." The Biochemical journal 259, 2 (1989): 601-4. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Chan, J.;Fujiwara, T.;Brennan, P.;McNeil, M.;Turco, S.J.;Sibille, J.C.;Snapper, M.;Aisen, P.;Bloom, B.R. "Microbial glycolipids: possible virulence factors that scavenge oxygen radicals." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 86, 7 (1989): 2453-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "The lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania." Parasitology today (Personal ed.) 4, 9 (1988): 255-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "Proposal for a function of the Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan." Biochemical Society transactions 16, 3 (1988): 259-61. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • King, D.L.;Turco, S.J. "A ricin agglutinin-resistant clone of Leishmania donovani deficient in lipophosphoglycan." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 28, 3 (1988): 285-93. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • McNeely, T.B.;Turco, S.J. "Inhibition of protein kinase C activity by the Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan." Biochemical and biophysical research communications 148, 2 (1987): 653-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J.;Hull, S.R.;Orlandi PA, J.;Shepherd, S.D.;Homans, S.W.;Dwek, R.A.;Rademacher, T.W. "Structure of the major carbohydrate fragment of the Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan." Biochemistry 26, 19 (1987): 6233-8. [PubMed Link] |
  • Orlandi PA, J.;Turco, S.J. "Structure of the lipid moiety of the Leishmania donovani lipophosphoglycan." The Journal of biological chemistry 262, 21 (1987): 10384-91. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • King, D.L.;Chang, Y.D.;Turco, S.J. "Cell surface lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani." Molecular and biochemical parasitology 24, 1 (1987): 47-53. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J. "Preparing and administering cefazolin sodium small-volume injections." American journal of hospital pharmacy 44, 1 (1987): 67-8. [PubMed Link] |
  • Anderson, R.W.;Cohen, J.E.;Cohen, M.R.;Kleinberg, M.L.;Lewis, G.R.;McAllister JC, 3rd;Turco, S.J. "Hospital pharmacy symposium on new concepts in parenteral drug delivery." Hospital pharmacy 21, 11 (1986): 1033-6, 1043-6, 1052-5. [PubMed Link] |
  • Hull, S.R.;Turco, S.J. "Separation of partially methylated mannitols by liquid chromatography." Analytical biochemistry 151, 2 (1985): 554-60. [PubMed Link] |
  • Lewis, M.J.;Turco, S.J.;Green, M. "Structure and assembly of the endoplasmic reticulum. Biosynthetic sorting of endoplasmic reticulum proteins." The Journal of biological chemistry 260, 11 (1985): 6926-31. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Hull, S.R.;Turco, S.J. "Separation of dansyl hydrazine-derivatized oligosaccharides by liquid chromatography." Analytical biochemistry 146, 1 (1985): 143-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J.;Wilkerson, M.A.;Clawson, D.R. "Expression of an unusual acidic glycoconjugate in Leishmania donovani." The Journal of biological chemistry 259, 6 (1984): 3883-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Wells, G.B.;Turco, S.J.;Hanson, B.A.;Lester, R.L. "Resolution of dolichylpyrophosphoryl oligosaccharides by high-pressure liquid chromatography." Methods in enzymology 83, (1982): 137-9. [PubMed Link] |
  • Wells, G.B.;Kontoyiannidou, V.;Turco, S.J.;Lester, R.L. "Resolution of acetylated oligosaccharides by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography." Methods in enzymology 83, (1982): 132-7. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J. "Cost, motion, and time studies comparing a new cephalosporin admixture system." Hospital pharmacy 17, 12 (1982): 653-8. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Pickard, J.L. "Altered G-protein glycosylation in vesicular stomatitis virus-infected glucose-deprived baby hamster kidney cells." The Journal of biological chemistry 257, 15 (1982): 8674-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Kaizu, T.;Turco, S.J.;Rush, J.S.;Laine, R.A. "Synthesis of the branched form of erythroglycan by Friend GM979 erythroleukemic cells." The Journal of biological chemistry 257, 14 (1982): 8272-6. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "Problems with administration devices for commercially available nitroglycerin injection." American journal of hospital pharmacy 39, 6 (1982): 977. [PubMed Link] |
  • Wells, G.B.;Turco, S.J.;Hanson, B.A.;Lester, R.L. "Separation of dolichylpyrophosphoryloligosaccharides by liquid chromatography." Analytical biochemistry 110, 2 (1981): 397-406. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J. "Rapid separation of high-mannose-type oligosaccharides by high-pressure liquid chromatography." Analytical biochemistry 118, 2 (1981): 278-83. [PubMed Link] |
  • Russin, T.Z.;Laine, R.A.;Turco, S.J. "Cell-free biosynthesis of erythroglycan in a microsomal fraction from K-562 cells." The Biochemical journal 197, 2 (1981): 327-32. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Dozier, J.C.;Diedrich, D.F.;Turco, S.J. "The hexose transport system in the human K-562 chronic myelogenous leukemia-derived cell." Journal of cellular physiology 108, 1 (1981): 77-82. [PubMed Link] |
  • Rush, J.S.;Turco, S.J.;Laine, R.A. "Erythroglycan biosynthesis in K-562 cells. Inhibition of synthesis by tunicamycin and lack of attachment to the G-protein of vesicular-stomatitis virus." The Biochemical journal 193, 1 (1981): 361-5. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "Modification of oligosaccharide-lipid synthesis and protein glycosylation in glucose-deprived cells." Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 205, 2 (1980): 330-9. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Rush, J.S.;Laine, R.A. "Presence of erythroglycan on human K-562 chronic myelogenous leukemia-derived cells." The Journal of biological chemistry 255, 8 (1980): 3266-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "A comparison of premixed and non-premixed potassium chloride large-volume parenterals." Hospital pharmacy 14, 12 (1979): 720-2. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J. "Cost and time required to add potassium chloride to large-volume parenterals." Hospital pharmacy 14, 12 (1979): 718-9. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Robbins, P.W. "The initial stages of processing of protein-bound oligosaccharides in vitro." The Journal of biological chemistry 254, 11 (1979): 4560-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Liu, T.;Stetson, B.;Turco, S.J.;Hubbard, S.C.;Robbins, P.W. "Arrangement of glucose residues in the lipid-linked oligosaccharide precursor of asparaginyl oligosaccharides." The Journal of biological chemistry 254, 11 (1979): 4554-9. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "Quality assurance in I.V. admixture programs." Hospital pharmacy 14, 6 (1979): 307, 311-3. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Robbins, P.W. "Synthesis and function of carbohydrate units of cell surface glycoproteins." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 312, (1978): 392-8. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J.;Cutler, R.S. "A laboratory evaluation of a flow rate controller set." Hospital pharmacy 13, 4 (1978): 226, 228. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Portnoy, L.;Cutler, R.S.;Turco, M.A. "A laboratory evaluation of an electronic flow rate controller." Hospital pharmacy 13, 4 (1978): 218, 222-3, 226. [PubMed Link] |
  • Robbins, P.W.;Hubbard, S.C.;Turco, S.J.;Wirth, D.F. "Proposal for a common oligosaccharide intermediate in the synthesis of membrane glycoproteins." Cell 12, 4 (1977): 893-900. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Stetson, B.;Robbins, P.W. "Comparative rates of transfer of lipid-linked oligosaccharides to endogenous glycoprotein acceptors in vitro." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 74, 10 (1977): 4411-4. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Heath, E.C. "Glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl pyrophosphoryldolichol. Formation in SV40-transformed human lung fibroblasts and biosynthesis in rat lung microsomal preparations." The Journal of biological chemistry 252, 9 (1977): 2918-28. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Cohen, M.R.;Turco, S.J.;Weltmann, A.J. "An assessment of the impact and value of clinical pharmacy services." Hospital pharmacy 12, 1 (1977): 9-10, 12-4, 19-20. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Heath, E.C. "The molecular and catalytic properties of galactosyltransferase from fetal calf serum." Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 176, 1 (1976): 352-7. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Newman, R. "Letter: Lack of drug precipitation in serum and plasma (in vitro)." The New England journal of medicine 294, 9 (1976): 503. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Turco, S.J. "Letter: Pharmacists and the hazards of intravenous therapy." American journal of hospital pharmacy 33, 1 (1976): 19-20. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J. "You and the IV team." Hospital pharmacy 10, 9 (1975): 363. [PubMed Link] |
  • Kuhlenschmidt, M.S.;Yunis, E.J.;Iammarino, R.M.;Turco, S.J.;Peters, S.P.;Glew, R.H. "Demonstration of sialyltransferase deficiency in the serum of a patient with alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency and hepatic cirrhosis." Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology 31, 4 (1974): 413-9. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Davis, N.M.;Bhatia, R. "Letter: Particulate matter in penicillin G potassium injection." American journal of hospital pharmacy 31, 9 (1974): 825-6. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Davis, N.M.;Bhatia, R. "Letter: Reduced particulate matter in lyophilized Kefzol." American journal of hospital pharmacy 31, 8 (1974): 722-3. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Davis, N.M.;Bhatia, R. "Letter: Particulate matter in Ancef and Kefzol." American journal of hospital pharmacy 31, 3 (1974): 222 passim. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Davis, N.M. "Temperature of intravenous infusions." The New England journal of medicine 289, 17 (1973): 922-3. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Davis, N.M. "Particulate matter in intravenous infusion fluids--phase 3." American journal of hospital pharmacy 30, 7 (1973): 611-3. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Davis, N.M. "Detrimental effects of particulate matter on the pulmonary circulation." JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 217, 1 (1971): 81-2. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Soares, R.P.;Barron, T.;McCoy-Simandle, K.;Svobodova, M.;Warburg, A.;Turco, S.J. "Leishmania tropica: intraspecific polymorphisms in lipophosphoglycan correlate with transmission by different Phlebotomus species." Experimental parasitology 107, 1-2 (1969): 105-14. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Llewellyn, J.;Giese, R.;Nosek, L.J.;Lager, J.D.;Turco, S.J.;Goodell, J.;Coleman, J.;McQuone, M.J.;Collier, P.A.;Minard, D.A. "A multicenter study of costs and nursing impact of cartridge-needle units." Nursing economic$ 12, 4 (1969): 208-14. [PubMed Link] |
  • Apte, S.P.;Turco, S.J. "Mapping size distributions of parenteral fluorocarbon emulsions by a novel method of centrifugal sedimentation followed by densitometry." Journal of parenteral science and technology : a publication of the Parenteral Drug Association 46, 6 (1969): 233-8. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Savastano, A.A. "Diets in athletics." Rhode Island medical journal 52, 6 (1969): 325-6. [PubMed Link] |
  • Turco, S.J.;Canada AT, J. "The effects of dimethyl sulfoxide in lowering electrical skin resistance." American journal of hospital pharmacy 26, 2 (1969): 120-2. [PubMed Link] |
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